Frank Wedekind was born in 1864 in Hannover, Germany. After working as a freelance journalist, he moved to Munich and joined the staff of the satirical journal “Simplizissimus.” In his ?rst play, SPRING AWAKENING (1891), he developed a style that anticipated expressionist drama and the Theater of the Absurd. He also began addressing the subjects of sexual morality and bourgeois hypocrisy that he continued to explore in the Lulu plays, EARTH SPIRIT (1895) and PANDORA’S BOX (1904). He faced government censorship for most of his career; SPRING AWAKENING was not performed until 1906, and Wedekind spent six months in prison in 1898 after an article he wrote was judged treasonous. He died in Munich in 1918.